IRC halogen lamps are sources where the central halogen burner has been coated with an infra-red coating (hence IRC). This reflects the infra-red energy back onto the tungsten burner, which means it heats up and becomes more efficient as much of the reflected heat energy is turned into visible light.
One aspect of lamp colour is its colour appearance; whether the light from the lamps looks ‘warm’ or ‘cool’, measured by the correlated colour temperature (CCT). Lamps with a warm appearance having a CCT of 2700 – 3000K are generally considered appropriate in a domestic setting. Lamps of 4000K and above are considered ‘cool’ and are more appropriate for office and some retail applications.
Colour gamut is a measure of how colourful a scene will appear under a given light source. Sources with a high colour gamut generally make objects appear brighter and more colourful.